US National Lesbian Longitudinal Family Study - NLLFS

The largest, longest-running prospective investigation of American lesbian mothers and their children

Publications

Findings from the NLLFS are published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Below are the NLLFS publications to date, with the most recent articles listed first. E-publication is available to be read online or via a PDF download.

Articles

Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., Goldberg, N.G., Deck, A., & van Gelderen, L. (2014) Satisfaction with Known, Open-Identity, or Unknown Sperm Donors: Reports from Lesbian Mothers of 17-year-old Adolescents, Fertility and Sterility.

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van Gelderen, L., Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., & Hermanns, J. (2013) Stigmatization and Promotive Factors in Relation to Psychological Health and Life Satisfaction of Adolescents in Planned Lesbian Families, Journal of Family Issues, 34, 809-827. doi: 10.1177/0192513X12447269.

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Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., & van Gelderen, L. (2013) Adolescents in Lesbian Families: DSM-Oriented Scale Scores and Stigmatization, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 25:2, 121-140.

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Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., Peyser, H., et al. (2012) Adolescents with Lesbian Mothers Describe Their Own Lives. Journal of Homosexuality, 59:9, 1211-1229.

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Bos, H.M.W., Goldberg, N., van Gelderen, L., & Gartrell, N. (2012) Male Role Models, Gender Role Traits, and Psychological Adjustment. Gender & Society. DOI: 10.1177/0891243212445465.

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van Gelderen, L., Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., et al. (2012) Stigmatization associated with growing up in a lesbian-parented family: What do adolescents experience and how do they deal with it? Children and Youth Services Review. DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.01.048.

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van Gelderen, L., Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., et al. (2012) Quality of Life of Adolescents Raised from Birth by Lesbian Mothers. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 33(1):1-7.

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Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., & Goldberg, N. (2011) New Trends in Same-Sex Sexual Contact for American Adolescents? Archives of Sexual Behavior. DOI 10.1007/s10508-011-9883-5.

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Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., Peyser, H., et al. (2011) Family Characteristics, Custody Arrangements, and Adolescent Psychological Well-being after Lesbian Mothers Break Up. Family Relations. 60:572-585. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00667.x.

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Goldberg, N.G., Bos, H.M.W., & Gartrell, N. (2011) Substance use by adolescents of the USA national longitudinal lesbian family study. Journal of Health Psychology. doi:10.1177/1359105311403522.

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Bos, H.M.W. & Gartrell, N. (2010) Adolescents of the US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: the impact of having a known or an unknown donor on the stability of psychological adjustment. Human Reproduction. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq359.

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Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., & Goldberg, N. (2010) Adolescents of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Sexual Orientation, Sexual Behavior, and Sexual Risk Exposure. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-010-9692-210.1007/s.

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Bos, H.M.W., & Gartrell, N. (2010) Adolescents of the USA National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Can Family Characteristics Counteract the Negative Effects of Stigmatization? Family Process. 49:559–572.

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Gartrell, N., & Bos, H.M.W. (2010) US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Psychological Adjustment of 17-Year-Old Adolescents. Pediatrics. 126(1):1-9.

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van Gelderen, L., Gartrell, N., Bos, H.M.W., et al. (2009) Stigmatization and resilience in adolescent children of lesbian mothers. Journal of GLBT Family Studies. 5(3):268-279.

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Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., Peyser H., et al. (2008) The USA national longitudinal lesbian family study: Homophobia, psychological adjustment, and protective factors. Journal of Lesbian Studies. 12(4):455-471.

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Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., Van Balen F., Peyser H., et al. (2008) Children in planned lesbian families: A cross-cultural comparison between the USA and the Netherlands. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 78(2):211-219.

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Gartrell, N., Rodas C., Deck A., et al. (2006) The USA national lesbian family study: 5. Interviews with mothers of ten-year-olds. Feminism & Psychology. 16(2):175-192.

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Gartrell, N., Deck A., Rodas C., et al. (2005) The national lesbian family study: 4. Interviews with the 10-year-old children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 75:518-524.

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Gartrell, N., Banks A., Reed N., Hamilton J., et al. (2000) The national lesbian family study: 3. Interviews with mothers of five-year-olds. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 70:542-548.

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Gartrell, N., Banks A., Hamilton J., et al. (1999) The national lesbian family study: 2. Interviews with mothers of toddlers. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 69:362-369.

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Gartrell, N., Hamilton J., Banks A., et al. (1996) The national lesbian family study: 1. Interviews with prospective mothers. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 66:272-281.

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van Rijn-van Gelderen, L., Bos, H.M.W., & Gartrell, N. (2015) Dutch adolescents from lesbian-parent families: How do they compare to peers with heterosexual parents and what is the impact of homophobic stigmatization?, Journal of Adolescence, 40, 65-73.

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Bos H., van Gelderen, L., & Gartrell, N. (2014) Lesbian and Heterosexual Two-Parent Families: Adolescent–Parent Relationship Quality and Adolescent Well-Being. Journal of Child and Family Studies. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-014-9913-8.

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Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., Roeleveld J., & Ledoux G. (2013) Civic Competence of Dutch Children in Female Same-Sex Parent Families: A Comparison With Children of Opposite-Sex Parents. Youth & Society. DOI: 10.1177/0044118X13502366.

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Book Chapters

Goldberg A.E., & Gartrell, N. (2014). LGB-Parent Families: The Current State of the Research and Directions for the Future. In J. Benson (Ed)., Advances in Child Development and Behavior (46: 57-88). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Bos, H.M.W. (2013). Lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination. In A.E. Goldberg, & K.R. Allen (Eds.), LGBT-Parent Families: Innovations in Research and Implications for Practice. New York, NY: Springer.

Gartrell, N., Peyser H., & Bos, H.M.W. (2012) Planned lesbian families: A review of the U.S.A. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study. In D.M. Brodzinsky & A. Pertman (Eds.), Adoption by Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Dimension in Family Diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.